THE NEWLY BORN Puppy Dog
The newly born, even while blind and deaf, have a very developed sense of smell already, thanks to which they find the nipples and are able to feed. They need the antibodies contained in the colostrum that the mammary gland segregates during the first 24 to 48 hours after birth. The puppies not only get to attached to the nipple by the mouth, but they also press at the same time, with the front paws, the mother's breast in order to let more milk come out. They are also capable to howl, so the mother can come and help them if they get lost by any chance.
Besides that, they totally depend on their mother even to urinate and defecate, since the mother is in charge of stimulating these natural functions by licking. Even when it may sound disgusting to us, the mothers eat everything their puppies excrete, leaving the nest completely clean. This habit originated during the times in which the puppies are juicy preys for other predators and the mother had to get rid of any olfative trace that could reveal their location.
It is very important to manipulate the puppies correctly from the very first moment. You should never take out a newly born puppy if it isn't absolutely necessary because this may disturb the mother, but you must touch them, carefully put them next to their mother or examine them one by one because in this way they will begin to get used to the smell and the contact with humans and their mother tolerate people to get around its puppies without feeling nervous.
PUPPIES WITH PROBLEMS
Sometimes, one of the puppies howls uncontrollably and doesn't seem to fit in the group. It may be that it is not breast-feeding enough and in that case you have to act quickly because it is very easy for the newly born to get dehydrated. In order to know if a puppy is dehydrated, you call gently pull from the loose skin of the nape and notice if the skin goes back to its regular position or descends slowly. In the first case, the dog will be all right, but in the second one, it may be getting dehydrated. Anyway, if you have any doubt the bests thing is to consult the veterinary. Remember, you still have to deal with Puppy WEANING
INITIATING THE SOCIALIZATION
During the four weeks after delivery, the puppies grow and develop at an incredible speed. They open their eyes, get to listen better every time and when they are four weeks old, they already are agile and anxious creatures that don't stop playing with each other or get absolutely interested in everything around them. When they reach this point, the psychological development acquired a special importance. Now they need stimulus, exposing them to different sounds, as the sound of the washing machine for example and putting them on various surfaces, their minds will get wider, they begin to be introduced to the real world and learn how to face the unknown, an ability they will have to put into practice in the future. Even when some experts suggest exposing them to the real world already, it is very important to avoid the contact with any possible infection source. Ask the veterinarian for advice.